SRI LANKA Vijaya Bahu IV 1271-73 AD copper kahavanu


SRI LANKA, Polonnaruwa Dynasty, 1070-1214 AD, Vijaya Bahu IV, 1271-73 AD, kahavanu, Obverse: King seated R, SRI VIJAYA BAHU, Reverse: king standing facing, so-called “octopus man,” copper, 20mm, 4.28g, MN848, VF+

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Vijaya Bahu drove the Cholas out of Ceylon

The Polonnarus were leaders of the opposition to the Cholas who were invading from the mainland. Eventually they succeeded in driving out the Cholas. They were powerful and organized for a while, then they started fighting succession wars. An invasion by Tamilis from the mainland ended their chapter.

The earliest ancient Indian coins were the “bent bar” punchmarked silvers of the Achaemenid Persians occupying Gandhara in northwest Pakistan. By the 3rd century BC coins were in general use in most of India and Ceylon, and in subsequent centuries struck round coins in gold, silver, and copper came into use throughout the subcontinent and beyond to Southeast Asia and Pacific islands to Java and beyond.