UMAYYAD standing caliph fals Halab mint circa 693-697 AD


UMAYYAD, fals, no date, circa 693-697 AD, Halab mint, Obverse: standing caliph, Reverse: symbol on steps, copper, 20mm, 2.82g, A112, crude, F

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The Caliph ‘Abd Al Malik thought about a coinage reform for a number of years. The Standing Caliph type was an experiment in the Islamizing of the coinage in the formerly Byzantine lands, where copper and gold made up most of the circulation.

The founder of the Umayyad dynasty was governor of Syria at the time of the war that established the Sunni-Shia split. At that point Muslims were in military occupation of territory from Egypt to Afghanistan. The Umayyads ruled for about 100 years, never established a peaceful succession method, ruled mostly badly, were overthrown by a popular revolutionary movement.