VATICAN 1 lira 1869 year XXIII


VATICAN, PAPAL STATES, Pius IX, 1846-78, 1 lira, 1869 year XXIII, silver, 0.1342 ozT, KM1387, XF

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Pius IX had the longest papal reign. I held the first Vatican Council, where they started talking about things in a formal way. He also lost all of the Papal States to the Kingdom of Italy in 1870. He started out Liberal and ended up very Conservative.

The territories held by the popes encompassed most of central and northern Italy and parts of southern France at times. During the 19th century Italian unification wars the popes lost most of their territories and were confined to Vatican City, in the middle of Rome. There they sulked until they made a deal with the Italian government in 1929 that established formal independence as long as they did everything the way the Italians wanted them to.

The big player in East Asia is China, of course. Then there is Japan and Korea, throw in Mongolia. South of China and east of India, but not including, for the most part, the islands to the east, is what we call Southeast Asia. From Burma to Malaya there have been a series of local kingdoms for about 2000 years. Russia, with its Asian Siberia, doesn’t count. We consider it part of Europe.

By “Modern World Coins” we mean here, generally, the round, flat, shiny metal objects that people have used for money and still do. “Modern,” though, varies by location. There was some other way they were doing their economies, and then they switched over to “modern coins,” then they went toward paper money, now we’re all going toward digital, a future in which kids look at a coin and say “What’s that?” We’ll say: “We used to use those to buy things.” Kids will ask “How?” The main catalog reference is the Standard Catalog of World Coins, to which the KM numbers refer.