XINJIANG QIAN LONG TONG BAO 10 cash Aksu mint 1885-92 AD


CHINA, XINJIANG, QING Dynasty, 1644-1911 AD, 10 cash, no date (1885-92 AD), Aksu mint, Obverse: QIAN LONG TONG BAO, Reverse: A SHI top-bottom, AKSU AQS right-left, copper, 24.5mm, 4.3g, H22.391, C30-3, ex-Fisher collection, F

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The Qian Long Xinjiang coins were made at the end of the 19th century as a propaganda product. They say: We, the Chinese, were here a hundred years ago.

Xinjiang (Sinkiang) is the western region of China. Dominant ethnic groups are historically Turkic and Mongol, including Uighurs and Kyrghiz. Coinage is at least as old as the 5th century AD, and has included both Chinese and Islamic manufacturing methods and styles.

The oldest Chinese coins are at least as old as the earliest Greek coins. The Chinese coinage system differed from other systems in two ways. It was monometallic, only bronze coins circulated in general commerce. Gold and silver were treated as commodities. And the manufacturing method was by casting in moulds rather than by striking heated solid planchets. The main reference I use in attributing and describing these coins is the book: Chinese Cast Coins, by David Hartill.