BYZANTINE, Heraclius, 610-641 AD, follis, Nicomedia


BYZANTINE, Heraclius, 610-641 AD, follis, year 4, Nicomedia mint, officina A, Obverse: Heraclius & son standing facing, DD NN HERACLIUS ET HERA CON, Reverse: capital M, ANNO on left, year on right, officina A below M, NIK, bronze, 27mm, 8.84g, SB834, crude, VG

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Heraclius was the son of Heraclius, the Exarch of Africa, who revolted against the usurper Phocas. He fought a long war agains the Sasanians of Persia, eventually defeating them. The Sasanian Emperor was overthrown and a peace treaty was signed with the successor.Then came the Muslims, who took most of the reconquered territories away

We call them Byzantines, but they thought of themselves as Romans. It is not incorrect to think of the Roman Empire persisting until 1453, when the Ottomans conquered Constantinople. The main reference we are using for the Byzantine series is “Byzantine Coins and their Values,” by David Sear.

Ancient Coins includes Greek and Roman coins and those of neighbors and successors, geographically from Morocco and Spain all the way to Afghanistan. Date ranges for these begin with the world’s earliest coins of the 8th century BC to, in an extreme case, the end of Byzantine Empire, 1453 AD.