SCYTHIAN, Post-Azes period, tetradrachm


SCYTHIAN, Post-Azes period, tetradrachm, no date, (c. 20 BC – 20 AD), Taxila Sirsukh mint, Obverse: horseman with whip R, BASILSI BASILEWN MEGALSUL AZZOI (corrupt Greek), monogram 216 before, Reverse: Pallas standing R, MAHARAJASA RAJATIRAJASA MAHATASA AYASA, A below nandipada L, monogram 85 R, billon, 21mm, 9.57g, Senior calls this part of the Indigenous Rulers series (Apracharajas), S175.251T, MA2484, porous, F

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The assignment of mint to Taxila is according to Mitchiner. Senior suggests mint assignments but does not state them as facts.

The people who ruled locally there called themselves Apracharajas, and at a certain pojnt named themselves on their coins. Before that they made anonymous Azes imitations.

Senior’s chronology has Azes succeeded by the Indo-Parthian Gondophares around 20 BC. Senior further asserts that Gondophares allowed local coinages to continue as they were. In the central Pakistan region around Taxila baser and cruder versions of Azes coins were made.

The earliest ancient Indian coins were the “bent bar” punchmarked silvers of the Achaemenid Persians occupying Gandhara in northwest Pakistan. By the 3rd century BC coins were in general use in most of India and Ceylon, and in subsequent centuries struck round coins in gold, silver, and copper came into use throughout the subcontinent and beyond to Southeast Asia and Pacific islands to Java and beyond.