CHINA 10 cash Aksu mint XIAN FENG TONG BAO


CHINA, XINJIANG, QING Dynasty, 1644-1911 AD, 10 cash, no date (1851-61 AD), Aksu mint, Obverse: XIAN FENG TONG BAO, protruding Bei BAO, Reverse: DANG WU top-bottom, AKSU AQSU right-left, R curved tail AQSU, copper, 26mm, 3.87g, H22.1076, C30-11, F+

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The Xian Feng period was chaotic, with the Second Opium War and the Tai Ping Rebellion causing massive losses of life and money.

Xinjiang (Sinkiang) is the western region of China. Dominant ethnic groups are historically Turkic and Mongol, including Uighurs and Kyrghiz. Coinage is at least as old as the 5th century AD, and has included both Chinese and Islamic manufacturing methods and styles.

The oldest Chinese coins are at least as old as the earliest Greek coins. The Chinese coinage system differed from other systems in two ways. It was monometallic, only bronze coins circulated in general commerce. Gold and silver were treated as commodities. And the manufacturing method was by casting in moulds rather than by striking heated solid planchets. The main reference I use in attributing and describing these coins is the book: Chinese Cast Coins, by David Hartill.